nu.xom

Class Element

Object
  extended by nu.xom.Node
      extended by nu.xom.ParentNode
          extended by nu.xom.Element

public class Element
extends ParentNode

This class represents an XML element. Each element has the following properties:

Version:
1.2
Author:
Elliotte Rusty Harold

Constructor Summary
Element(Element element)

           Creates a deep copy of an element.
Element(String name)

           Creates a new element in no namespace.
Element(String name, String uri)

           Creates a new element in a namespace.
 
Method Summary
 voidaddAttribute(Attribute attribute)

           Adds an attribute to this element, replacing any existing attribute with the same local name and namespace URI.
 voidaddNamespaceDeclaration(String prefix, String uri)

           Declares a namespace prefix.
 voidappendChild(String text)

           Converts a string to a text node and appends that node to the children of this node.
 Nodecopy()

           Creates a deep copy of this element with no parent, that can be added to this document or a different one.
 AttributegetAttribute(int index)

           Selects an attribute by index.
 AttributegetAttribute(String name)

           Returns the attribute with the specified name in no namespace, or null if this element does not have an attribute with that name in no namespace.
 AttributegetAttribute(String localName, String namespaceURI)

           Returns the attribute with the specified name and namespace URI, or null if this element does not have an attribute with that name in that namespace.
 intgetAttributeCount()

           Returns the number of attributes of this Element, not counting namespace declarations.
 StringgetAttributeValue(String name)

           Returns the value of the attribute with the specified name in no namespace, or null if this element does not have an attribute with that name.
 StringgetAttributeValue(String localName, String namespaceURI)

           Returns the value of the attribute with the specified name and namespace URI, or null if this element does not have such an attribute.
 StringgetBaseURI()

           Returns the absolute base URI against which relative URIs in this element should be resolved.
 ElementsgetChildElements()

           Returns a list of all the child elements of this element in document order.
 ElementsgetChildElements(String name)

           Returns a list of the child elements of this element with the specified name in no namespace.
 ElementsgetChildElements(String localName, String namespaceURI)

           Returns a list of the immediate child elements of this element with the specified local name and namespace URI.
 ElementgetFirstChildElement(String name)

           Returns the first child element with the specified name in no namespace.
 ElementgetFirstChildElement(String localName, String namespaceURI)

           Returns the first child element with the specified local name and namespace URI.
 StringgetLocalName()

           Returns the local name of this element, not including the namespace prefix or colon.
 intgetNamespaceDeclarationCount()

           Returns the number of namespace declarations on this element.
 StringgetNamespacePrefix()

           Returns the prefix of this element, or the empty string if this element does not have a prefix.
 StringgetNamespacePrefix(int index)

           Returns the indexth namespace prefix declared on this element.
 StringgetNamespaceURI()

           Returns the namespace URI of this element, or the empty string if this element is not in a namespace.
 StringgetNamespaceURI(String prefix)

           Returns the namespace URI mapped to the specified prefix within this element.
 StringgetQualifiedName()

           Returns the complete name of this element, including the namespace prefix if this element has one.
 StringgetValue()

           Returns the value of the element as defined by XPath 1.0.
 voidinsertChild(String text, int position)

           Converts a string to a text node and inserts that node at the specified position.
 AttributeremoveAttribute(Attribute attribute)

           Removes an attribute from this element.
 NodesremoveChildren()

           Detaches all children from this node.
 voidremoveNamespaceDeclaration(String prefix)

           Removes the mapping of the specified prefix.
 voidsetBaseURI(String URI)

           Sets the URI from which this element was loaded, and against which relative URLs in this element will be resolved, unless an xml:base attribute overrides this.
 voidsetLocalName(String localName)

           Sets the local name of this element.
 voidsetNamespacePrefix(String prefix)

           Sets the namespace prefix of this element.
 voidsetNamespaceURI(String uri)

           Sets the namespace URI of this element.
protected  ElementshallowCopy()

           Creates a very shallow copy of the element with the same name and namespace URI, but no children, attributes, base URI, or namespace declaration.
 StringtoString()

           Returns a string representation of this element suitable for debugging and diagnosis.
 StringtoXML()

           Returns a string containing the XML serialization of this element.
 
Methods inherited from class nu.xom.ParentNode
appendChild, getChild, getChildCount, indexOf, insertChild, removeChild, removeChild, replaceChild
 
Methods inherited from class nu.xom.Node
detach, equals, getDocument, getParent, hashCode, query, query
 
Methods inherited from class Object
clone, finalize, getClass, notify, notifyAll, wait, wait, wait
 

Constructor Detail

Element

public Element(String name)

Creates a new element in no namespace.

Parameters:
name - the name of the element
Throws:
IllegalNameException - if name is not a legal XML 1.0 non-colonized name

Element

public Element(String name,
               String uri)

Creates a new element in a namespace.

Parameters:
name - the qualified name of the element
uri - the namespace URI of the element
Throws:
IllegalNameException - if name is not a legal XML 1.0 name
NamespaceConflictException - if name's prefix cannot be used with uri
MalformedURIException - if uri is not an RFC 3986 absolute URI reference

Element

public Element(Element element)

Creates a deep copy of an element. The copy is disconnected from the tree, and does not have a parent.

Parameters:
element - the element to copy
Method Detail

getChildElements

public final Elements getChildElements(String name)

Returns a list of the child elements of this element with the specified name in no namespace. The elements returned are in document order.

Parameters:
name - the name of the elements included in the list
Returns:
a comatose list containing the child elements of this element with the specified name

getChildElements

public final Elements getChildElements(String localName,
                                       String namespaceURI)

Returns a list of the immediate child elements of this element with the specified local name and namespace URI. Passing the empty string or null as the local name returns all elements in the specified namespace. Passing null or the empty string as the namespace URI returns elements with the specified name in no namespace. The elements returned are in document order.

Parameters:
localName - the name of the elements included in the list
namespaceURI - the namespace URI of the elements included in the list
Returns:
a comatose list containing the child elements of this element with the specified name in the specified namespace

getChildElements

public final Elements getChildElements()

Returns a list of all the child elements of this element in document order.

Returns:
a comatose list containing all child elements of this element

getFirstChildElement

public final Element getFirstChildElement(String name)

Returns the first child element with the specified name in no namespace. If there is no such element, it returns null.

Parameters:
name - the name of the element to return
Returns:
the first child element with the specified local name in no namespace or null if there is no such element

getFirstChildElement

public final Element getFirstChildElement(String localName,
                                          String namespaceURI)

Returns the first child element with the specified local name and namespace URI. If there is no such element, it returns null.

Parameters:
localName - the local name of the element to return
namespaceURI - the namespace URI of the element to return
Returns:
the first child with the specified local name in the specified namespace, or null if there is no such element

addAttribute

public void addAttribute(Attribute attribute)

Adds an attribute to this element, replacing any existing attribute with the same local name and namespace URI.

Parameters:
attribute - the attribute to add
Throws:
MultipleParentException - if the attribute is already attached to an element
NamespaceConflictException - if the attribute's prefix is mapped to a different namespace URI than the same prefix is mapped to by this element, another attribute of this element, or an additional namespace declaration of this element

removeAttribute

public Attribute removeAttribute(Attribute attribute)

Removes an attribute from this element.

Parameters:
attribute - the attribute to remove
Returns:
the attribute that was removed
Throws:
NoSuchAttributeException - if this element is not the parent of attribute

getAttribute

public final Attribute getAttribute(String name)

Returns the attribute with the specified name in no namespace, or null if this element does not have an attribute with that name in no namespace.

Parameters:
name - the name of the attribute
Returns:
the attribute of this element with the specified name

getAttribute

public final Attribute getAttribute(String localName,
                                    String namespaceURI)

Returns the attribute with the specified name and namespace URI, or null if this element does not have an attribute with that name in that namespace.

Parameters:
localName - the local name of the attribute
namespaceURI - the namespace of the attribute
Returns:
the attribute of this element with the specified name and namespace

getAttributeValue

public final String getAttributeValue(String name)

Returns the value of the attribute with the specified name in no namespace, or null if this element does not have an attribute with that name.

Parameters:
name - the name of the attribute
Returns:
the value of the attribute of this element with the specified name

getAttributeCount

public final int getAttributeCount()

Returns the number of attributes of this Element, not counting namespace declarations. This is always a non-negative number.

Returns:
the number of attributes in the container

getAttribute

public final Attribute getAttribute(int index)

Selects an attribute by index. The index is purely for convenience and has no particular meaning. In particular, it is not necessarily the position of this attribute in the original document from which this Element object was read. As with most lists in Java, attributes are numbered from 0 to one less than the length of the list.

In general, you should not add attributes to or remove attributes from the list while iterating across it. Doing so will change the indexes of the other attributes in the list. it is, however, safe to remove an attribute from either end of the list (0 or getAttributeCount()-1) until there are no attributes left.

Parameters:
index - the attribute to return
Returns:
the indexth attribute of this element
Throws:
IndexOutofBoundsException - if the index is negative or greater than or equal to the number of attributes of this element

getAttributeValue

public final String getAttributeValue(String localName,
                                      String namespaceURI)

Returns the value of the attribute with the specified name and namespace URI, or null if this element does not have such an attribute.

Parameters:
localName - the name of the attribute
namespaceURI - the namespace of the attribute
Returns:
the value of the attribute of this element with the specified name and namespace

getLocalName

public final String getLocalName()

Returns the local name of this element, not including the namespace prefix or colon.

Returns:
the local name of this element

getQualifiedName

public final String getQualifiedName()

Returns the complete name of this element, including the namespace prefix if this element has one.

Returns:
the qualified name of this element

getNamespacePrefix

public final String getNamespacePrefix()

Returns the prefix of this element, or the empty string if this element does not have a prefix.

Returns:
the prefix of this element

getNamespaceURI

public final String getNamespaceURI()

Returns the namespace URI of this element, or the empty string if this element is not in a namespace.

Returns:
the namespace URI of this element

getNamespaceURI

public final String getNamespaceURI(String prefix)

Returns the namespace URI mapped to the specified prefix within this element. Returns null if this prefix is not associated with a URI.

Parameters:
prefix - the namespace prefix whose URI is desired
Returns:
the namespace URI mapped to prefix

setLocalName

public void setLocalName(String localName)

Sets the local name of this element.

Parameters:
localName - the new local name
Throws:
IllegalNameException - if localName is not a legal, non-colonized name

setNamespaceURI

public void setNamespaceURI(String uri)

Sets the namespace URI of this element.

Parameters:
uri - the new namespace URI
Throws:
MalformedURIException - if uri is not an absolute RFC 3986 URI reference
NamespaceException - if this element has a prefix and uri is null or the empty string; or if the element's prefix is shared by an attribute or additional namespace

setNamespacePrefix

public void setNamespacePrefix(String prefix)

Sets the namespace prefix of this element. You can pass null or the empty string to remove the prefix.

Parameters:
prefix - the new namespace prefix
Throws:
IllegalNameException - if prefix is not a legal XML non-colonized name
NamespaceConflictException - if prefix is already in use by an attribute or additional namespace with a different URI than the element itself

insertChild

public void insertChild(String text,
                        int position)

Converts a string to a text node and inserts that node at the specified position.

Parameters:
position - where to insert the child
text - the string to convert to a text node and insert
Throws:
NullPointerException - if text is null
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if the position is negative or greater than the number of children of the node

appendChild

public void appendChild(String text)

Converts a string to a text node and appends that node to the children of this node.

Parameters:
text - String to add to this node
Throws:
IllegalAddException - if this node cannot have children of this type
NullPointerException - if text is null

removeChildren

public Nodes removeChildren()

Detaches all children from this node.

Subclassers should note that the default implementation of this method does not call removeChild or detach. If you override removeChild, you'll probably need to override this method as well.

Returns:
a list of all the children removed in the order they appeared in the element

addNamespaceDeclaration

public void addNamespaceDeclaration(String prefix,
                                    String uri)

Declares a namespace prefix. This is only necessary when prefixes are used in element content and attribute values, as in XSLT and the W3C XML Schema Language. Do not use this method to declare prefixes for element and attribute names.

You can supply an empty string for the prefix to declare a default namespace, provided the element itself has a prefix.

If you do redeclare a prefix that is already used by an element or attribute name, the additional namespace is added if and only if the URI is the same. Conflicting namespace declarations will throw an exception.

Parameters:
prefix - the prefix to declare
uri - the absolute URI reference to map the prefix to
Throws:
MalformedURIException - if URI is not an RFC 3986 URI reference
IllegalNameException - if prefix is not a legal XML non-colonized name or the empty string
NamespaceConflictException - if the mapping conflicts with an existing element, attribute, or additional namespace declaration

removeNamespaceDeclaration

public void removeNamespaceDeclaration(String prefix)

Removes the mapping of the specified prefix. This method only removes additional namespaces added with addNamespaceDeclaration. It has no effect on namespaces of elements and attributes. If the prefix is not used on this element, this method does nothing.

Parameters:
prefix - the prefix whose declaration should be removed

getNamespaceDeclarationCount

public final int getNamespaceDeclarationCount()

Returns the number of namespace declarations on this element. This counts the namespace of the element itself (which may be the empty string), the namespace of each attribute, and each namespace added by addNamespaceDeclaration. However, prefixes used multiple times are only counted once; and the xml prefix used for xml:base, xml:lang, and xml:space is not counted even if one of these attributes is present on the element.

The return value is almost always positive. It can be zero if and only if the element itself has the prefix xml; e.g. <xml:space />. This is not endorsed by the XML specification. The prefix xml is reserved for use by the W3C, which has only used it for attributes to date. You really shouldn't do this. Nonetheless, this is not malformed so XOM allows it.

Returns:
the number of namespaces declared by this element

getNamespacePrefix

public final String getNamespacePrefix(int index)

Returns the indexth namespace prefix declared on this element. Namespaces inherited from ancestors are not included. The index is purely for convenience, and has no meaning in itself. This includes the namespaces of the element name and of all attributes' names (except for those with the prefix xml such as xml:space) as well as additional declarations made for attribute values and element content. However, prefixes used multiple times (e.g. on several attribute values) are only reported once. The default namespace is reported with an empty string prefix if present. Like most lists in Java, the first prefix is at index 0.

If the namespaces on the element change for any reason (adding or removing an attribute in a namespace, adding or removing a namespace declaration, changing the prefix of an element, etc.) then this method may skip or repeat prefixes. Don't change the prefixes of an element while iterating across them.

Parameters:
index - the prefix to return
Returns:
the prefix
Throws:
IndexOutOfBoundsException - if index is negative or greater than or equal to the number of namespaces declared by this element.

setBaseURI

public void setBaseURI(String URI)

Sets the URI from which this element was loaded, and against which relative URLs in this element will be resolved, unless an xml:base attribute overrides this. Setting the base URI to null or the empty string removes any existing base URI.

Specified by:
setBaseURI in class ParentNode
Parameters:
URI - the new base URI for this element
Throws:
MalformedURIException - if URI is not a legal RFC 3986 absolute URI

getBaseURI

public String getBaseURI()

Returns the absolute base URI against which relative URIs in this element should be resolved. xml:base attributes in the same entity take precedence over the actual base URI of the document where the element was found or which was set by setBaseURI.

This URI is made absolute before it is returned by resolving the information in this element against the information in its parent element and document entity. However, it is not always possible to fully absolutize the URI in all circumstances. In this case, this method returns the empty string to indicate the base URI of the current entity.

If the element's xml:base attribute contains a value that is a syntactically illegal URI (e.g. %GF.html"), then the base URI is application dependent. XOM's choice is to behave as if the element did not have an xml:base attribute.

Overrides:
getBaseURI in class Node
Returns:
the base URI of this element

toXML

public final String toXML()

Returns a string containing the XML serialization of this element. This includes the element and all its attributes and descendants. However, it does not contain namespace declarations for namespaces inherited from ancestor elements.

Specified by:
toXML in class Node
Returns:
the XML representation of this element

getValue

public final String getValue()

Returns the value of the element as defined by XPath 1.0. This is the complete PCDATA content of the element, without any tags, comments, or processing instructions after all entity and character references have been resolved.

Specified by:
getValue in class Node
Returns:
XPath string value of this element

copy

public Node copy()

Creates a deep copy of this element with no parent, that can be added to this document or a different one.

Subclassers should be wary. Implementing this method is trickier than it might seem, especially if you wish to avoid potential stack overflows in deep documents. In particular, you should not rely on the obvious recursive algorithm. Most subclasses should override the shallowCopy method instead.

Specified by:
copy in class Node
Returns:
a deep copy of this element with no parent

shallowCopy

protected Element shallowCopy()

Creates a very shallow copy of the element with the same name and namespace URI, but no children, attributes, base URI, or namespace declaration. This method is invoked as necessary by the copy method and the copy constructor.

Subclasses should override this method so that it returns an instance of the subclass so that types are preserved when copying. This method should not add any attributes, namespace declarations, or children to the shallow copy. Any such items will be overwritten.

Returns:
an empty element with the same name and namespace as this element

toString

public String toString()

Returns a string representation of this element suitable for debugging and diagnosis. This is not the XML representation of the element.

Overrides:
toString in class Object
Returns:
a non-XML string representation of this element


Copyright 2002-2010 Elliotte Rusty Harold

elharo@ibiblio.org